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How Can Physical Therapy Help in Bone Fracture?

By Maria Hernandez / August 19, 2016
physical therapy for a bone fracture

If you are reading this article, chances are that you are experiencing one of the most common conditions – a bone fracture. Nowadays a bone fracture is considered as one of the most common conditions in the traumatic area. You may be familiar with the use of physical therapy, but do you know how does physical therapy actually helps in a case of a bone fracture? Luckily, we are here to prepare you and explain you everything that you need to know before your appointment with the physical therapist!

When it comes to the treatment of a bone fracture, the most important thing is for the treatment to start as soon as possible. The physical therapist must start working with you as soon as your condition stabilizes at the hospital. Most commonly, the broken extremity is put into a cast. This poses a danger to the local tissue and muscle. Due to the inactivity, if left untreated, the local muscles can experience hypertrophy and problems with the local bloodstream and cell’s metabolism. The treatment with physical therapy is supposed to stimulate the recovery and remove the possibility of future complications. During the first week at the hospital, the most commonly used therapies are manual therapy and positioning in bed. This is supposed to help preserve the bloodstream and the local cell’s metabolism and in some way decrease the possibility of muscle hypertrophy. In the next couple of weeks, the program extends including different types of physical therapy where the bone fracture is considered as an indication.

  • Kinesiotherapy – is used due to the beneficial effects to improve the range of motion, decrease the risk of contractures and decreased muscle strength, maintain the range of motion and the muscle strength of the other muscles as well.
  • Thermotherapy – is most commonly used in order to overcome the present contractures.
  • Occupational therapy – is used in order to increase the range of motion, the muscle strength, coordination and improve the function of the affected extremity.
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Manual therapy
  • Orthopedics

However, the main goal from the use of all of the therapies is to improve the bloodstream, prevent changes in the muscle trophy and contractures, improve the local metabolism, prevent thrombosis and improving the range of motion and muscle strength. When you get back at home after the fracture, the treatment with physical therapy is often required to be continued. You can choose to continue the program either at home or at a professional rehabilitation center.


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Maria Hernandez

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